Muhammad was born in Mecca in 570.
The Islamic prophet sent a message in 628, four years before his death in Medina, to Heraclius – emperor of the Byzantine Empire (pictured above):
'Aslim Taslam'(In other words, "submit [convert to Islam], and you will have peace.")
When Heraclius refused the invitation, Constantinople became Islam’s arch-enemy.
Heraclius was emperor from 610 – 641, and was the one who made Greek the official language of the Eastern Empire (which endured for another eight centuries).